Every year, a significant number of dogs end up at the vet after eating or drinking something they shouldn’t have. Sadly, our homes are filled with foods poisonous to dogs that we need to be aware of.
Unlike cats, dogs tend to not be as discriminating when it comes to what they eat; they may happily chomp down on something that isn’t good for them! Therefore, awareness around the potential hazards within the home is incredibly important in poison prevention.
In this article, we’re going to take a look at what household foods are the most common causes of dog poisoning, so you know to keep them far out of your dog’s reach.
Chocolate Poisoning in Dogs
While most know that chocolate is toxic to dogs, it still makes up for a significant portion of poisoning cases. This is usually due to the dog accidentally finding access to the food.
The amount eaten, the weight of the dog, and the type of chocolate ingested are all factors in the potential toxicity.
If you’re unsure as to whether your dog has eaten enough chocolate to warrant a vet visit, use this simple calculator to calculate their level of toxicity. It covers potential symptoms and whether a vet visit is recommended.
Xylitol Poisoning in Dogs
Xylitol is a sweetener that is commonly used as a sugar substitute. It can be found in various products such as chewing gum, mints, sweets, peanut butter, toothpaste, mouthwash, and more.
Unfortunately, Xylitol can be very toxic for dogs, as it can cause a rapid decrease in their blood sugar to dangerous levels. This can cause symptoms such as vomiting, lethargy, collapse, and seizures. Immediate vet attention is advised if you suspect your dog has eaten a product containing Xylitol.
Onions and Garlic Poisoning in Dogs
Onions and garlic can also be a poison risk for your dog. This goes for their raw form and as an ingredient in other foods.
This is because they both contain a compound that damages red blood cells. This can then lead to the dog becoming anaemic, which in severe cases, can lead to organ failure or even death.
Garlic is more toxic than onions, with toxic ingestion being around 1 gram per pound of body weight for garlic, but 5 grams per pound of body weight for onions.
Grape and Raisin Poisoning in Dogs
Both raisins and grapes are toxic to dogs, although the poisonous substance is still unknown.
Symptoms include a loss of appetite, lethargy, dehydration, less or complete lack of urination, and abdominal pain. Without treatment, it can lead to kidney failure.
Just small amounts can cause a toxic reaction in dogs; therefore, you must get them checked out as soon as possible if you suspect they’ve eaten any!
Macadamia Nuts Poisoning in Dogs
Similar to raisins and grapes, it’s not known why these nuts are toxic to dogs, but they certainly are!
Ingestion of these nuts can cause weakness, lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, and hyperthermia. While macadamia nuts poisoning is generally not fatal, vet treatment is still recommended.
Symptoms usually resolve after a few days.
Foods Poisonous to Dogs – Prevention is Key!
The best thing you can do to prevent a sudden vet visit is to always keep foods poisonous to dogs out of reach!
However, accidents can always happen. If you suspect your dog has eaten or drank something they shouldn’t have, have them checked out by the vet.
If you’re unsure as to whether a vet visit is necessary, you can make a call to the Animal Poison Line. Give them information about the situation and they will tell you your next steps.
Also, be aware; Easter is just around the corner! This comes with its own list of food hazards for our pups, which you can read about in a previous article of ours here.
Finally, we want to hear from you. Has a dog in your family ever experienced poisoning? Do you have any extra tips around keeping foods poisonous to dogs out of reach?
Let us know in the comments below!